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Glossary G-GZ

 

GALLBLADDER

The gallbladder stores bile, a digestive enzyme for fat as well as the absorption of Vitamin A, D, E, K. Eating foods high in fat over-works the gallbladder and liver. A consistent high fat diet often leads to higher volume of bile which thickens and forms sludge or gallstones. This then creates an inflamed gallbladder and a resultant painful attack.

 

GERD

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder results when excess stomach acid splashes up the esophagus irritating the mucous lining causing heartburn and indigestion. Contributing factors include Hiatal Hernia, obesity, smoking, coffee and spicy foods. Some drugs block acid production creating severe nutrient absorption problems.

 

GLAUCOMA

The eyeball is filled with fluid. When the fluid level rises, there is additional pressure within the eyeball that can cause damage to the Optic nerve which leads to blindness. There are generally no symptoms of early glaucoma but rather it is detected on most routine eye examinations in the doctor’s office. It may be caused by prolonged excess salt in the diet, as a side effect of medications (sinus, blood pressure, heart) or unknown reason.

 

GLUCOSE

Glucose is the blood sugar the body uses as a primary source of energy, and the end product of carbohydrate metabolism. Fluctuating levels of glucose can affect mood states and fat metabolism, and act as key triggers in the development of diabetes. The hormone insulin helps the glucose get to the cells, so it can be used for energy.

 

GLYCEMIC INDEX

The body breaks down most carbohydrates from the foods we eat and changes them to a type of sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of fuel for our cells. The glucose travels through the bloodstream to reach the cells. After we eat, the glucose from the food gets into the bloodstream fast, slow, or somewhere in between. It depends on the type of carbohydate and the food that contains it. The glycemic index is a way of measuring how fast this occurs and how a food affects blood glucose levels. Foods with higher index values raise blood sugar more rapidly than foods with lower glycemic index values do.

 

GOUT

Gout is caused by overproduction of uric acid by the liver into the bloodstream which then crystallizes and settles in the joints and kidney causing arthritis and stones. Uric acid is a byproduct of meat, chicken, gravies, rich foods like cake and pie, yeast products and alcohol, especially beer. Poor hydration contributes as well. Uric acid is always present in the blood but can be prevented through diet and supplements.

 

GUM DISEASE

Gum disease is inflammation of the gums (gingiva). Symptoms include bleeding and swollen gums and mouth sores. Significant research demonstrates that poor oral health and gum disease are linked to poor circulation, systemic inflammation, heart disease, stroke and premature death. The treatment of periodontal disease begins with the removal of sub-gingival calculus (tartar). This is commonly addressed by the surgical procedures known as root planing and scaling. These procedures debride calculus by mechanically scraping it from tooth surfaces.

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