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Glossary B-BZ

 

BIOFLAVINOIDS

A vitamin that maintains the resistance of cell and capillary walls to permeation; - called also vitamin P and citrin.

 

BIOTIN

A vitamin of the vitamin B complex, essential for the activity of many enzyme systems and found in large quantities in liver, egg yolk, milk, and yeast. Helps the formation of fatty acids. Facilitates metabolism of amino acids and carbohydrates. Promotes normal health of sweat glands.

 

BLADDER

The sole function of the bladder is to store urine which is continuously being made by the kidney. Urine should never contain blood, protein, sugar or bacteria but simply water and waste products. Cystitis, bladder inflammation is often caused by bacteria. Cranberry juice unsweetened can be beneficial and cranberry supplements are also proven to help.

 

BLOOD PRESSURE

The pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, especially the arteries. It varies with the strength of the heartbeat, the elasticity of the arterial walls, the volume and viscosity of the blood, and a person's health, age, and physical condition. Adult blood pressure is considered normal at 120/80 where the first number is the systolic pressure and the second is the diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure- the blood pressure during the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart. Diastolic pressure- the blood pressure after the contraction of the heart while the chambers of the heart refill with blood

 

BLOOD TYPE

Every person has a blood type. There are four major types, each with a different chemical marker that's attached to a person's red blood cells. These markers determine if someone has type A blood, type B blood, type O blood, or type AB blood. Each blood type can also be positive (+) or negative (-).

 

BONE RESORPTION

The wearing away of bone tissue, which can eventually lead to osteoporosis, spinal deformities, and fractures.

 

BRONCHITIS

The bronchus (pleural is bronchi), is a tube that carries air in and out of the lungs. Lining the inside are microscopic hairs in a thin mucous layer all pushing upwards away from the lungs. These constantly are trapping air particles and pushing them out from the lungs to allow only pure, clean air and oxygen to enter the lungs. Bronchitis is excess mucous production and inflammation.

 

BRUISING

Bruising is the result of broken blood vessels and subsequent leaking of blood into the surrounding tissues. Once broken, eventually the vessel will seal itself off and then the body will absorb the old blood. Arteries are elastic and veins are not but either can cause bruising. Maintaining blood vessel health prevents most bruising, broken spider and varicose veins, aneurysm leakage and hemorrhagic stroke.

 

BURSITIS

Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa. The bursa is an envelope around a joint that normally secretes fluid into the joint space, lubricating it so the bones glide smoothly across each other. Bursitis is painful because there is often excess fluid and it is not the lubricating type. It is important to distinguish from arthritis for proper treatment. Applying ice, resting the joint and reducing the inflammation are recommended.

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